Different Types of Business Ownership

Akash Kesari

March 24, 2023

Akash Kesari

There are many different ways to own a business. Some are more suited to certain types of businesses than others, so choosing a structure that works for your business model’s needs is essential.

When deciding how to structure your business, consider liability, control, financing, and taxes. A professional accountant, tax preparer, or lawyer can help you weigh your options and determine which ownership structure is best for your business.

Sole Proprietorship

A sole proprietorship is the most common business structure for individuals. It is a single-member business that doesn’t require any paperwork and is typically the easiest way for small businesses to start.

Owners of sole proprietorships are liable for the debts and losses of the business. This can be problematic for entrepreneurs with limited assets to cover the obligations of a sole proprietorship.

Sole proprietors may also need help to obtain capital funding. They are often advised to form a limited liability company (LLC) to access more excellent financing and limit liability.

The sole proprietorship is also a popular choice for people who work independently and want the freedom of being their boss. However, it may be wrong if you plan on hiring employees or have any other liability concerns.


A partnership is a type of business ownership that involves several people working together to share profits and responsibility. It can be a great way to bring fresh perspectives into a firm.

However, it also has some risks. The most common are legal and financial.

The legal risk comes from the partners taking on liability for the business’s debts and liabilities. Liability insurance can help mitigate this, but it has limits.

Another drawback is that partners must make decisions together and compromise on their preferences. This can lead to conflict and disagreements.

A partnership can be a good option for firms that require a lot of labor and capital. It also gives the business more potential for growth because of the additional resources that come with other owners.

Limited Liability Company

A limited liability company (LLC) is a famous business structure that combines the advantages of a partnership with some aspects of a corporation. This business structure offers liability protection, management flexibility, and tax advantages.

LLCs are popular among small and medium-sized businesses. They provide owners with limited liability and pass-through taxation while protecting their assets in a legal dispute with the company.

In New York, LLCs must publish notice of their formation in two local newspapers and file proof of publication with the Department of State within 120 days. Please comply with this requirement to avoid the suspension of an LLC’s authority to do business in the state.


A corporation is a legal entity created when a group starts its business. They elect a board of directors to oversee the company’s operations and finances.

The benefits of a corporation include continuity, limited liability, and effortless transfer of ownership shares. In some jurisdictions, corporations can also issue stock to owners, making it easier for businesses to raise funds.

As a result, corporations have an advantage over sole proprietorships and partnerships regarding funding, but they can be more expensive to set up. This is because they must comply with many government regulations and record-keeping requirements.

They also pay double taxation, first on their profits and then their shareholders’ dividends. This is especially true for C corporations, a more common corporation. However, there are certain exceptions to this rule. One such exception is Subchapter S corporations, notably closed corporations, that allow small businesses to avoid corporate taxes if they meet specific criteria.